NASA-funded scientists have, for the first time, connected health outcomes in cities around the world to satellite and ground-based data on air pollution. The researchers concluded that despite improvements in some parts of the world and for certain pollutants, air quality continues to be an important contributor to disease.
The NASA Health & Air Quality program area provides policymakers with Earth observations to enhance decision-making about public health, and HAQAST is an integral part of this mission. We provide managers and policymakers with Earth observations that inform decisions about air quality standards, public policies and government regulations for economic and human welfare.
Air pollution is the fourth leading risk factor for death around the world. But one type of pollutant is particularly harmful: fine particulate matter (PM2.5). These small, inhalable particles (less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter) result from direct emissions into the air, as well as interactions among other pollutants.
Starting today, users can now access two new measures: Air Pollution-Ozone and the Credit Insecurity Index. Adding these particular metrics is part of our ongoing mission at the Dashboard to develop more innovative and timely data sources and methods that seek to better demonstrate how physical, economic and social determinants impact health, particularly in cities.
'Each year, millions of people die from exposure to air pollution. And if unaddressed, climate change could bring those numbers up even higher by the end of the century.'
'“Out of sight, out of mind” goes the common saying, yet what people can’t see can have an important impact on their well-being. Invisible gases including nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and ozone negatively affect human health, and satellites offer the best means of tracking those atmospheric pollutants.'
West Co-Authors Widely Featured paper on the benefits of greenhouse gas mitigation for U.S. air quality and human health
'The USA will benefit from improved air quality in the future, through actions to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions both domestically and globally.'
'Mark Zondlo and his research group have developed a mobile platform to measure critical greenhouse gases and air pollutants. They recently acquired an all-electric vehicle to house the suite of sensors, which they can use to monitor urban air quality, without altering their own measurements.'
'Ozone pollution near Earth’s surface is one of the main ingredients of summertime smog and a primary cause of poor air quality. Yet it is not directly measurable from space because of the abundance of ozone higher in the atmosphere, which obscures measurements of surface ozone. Now NASA-funded researchers have devised a way to use satellites to measure the precursor gases that contribute to ozone formation.'
'PI Brad Pierce gave a briefing on the 2017 Lake Michigan Ozone Study to the Business Advocacy Committee of the Sheboygan County Chamber of Commerce in Sheboygan, Wisconsin on April 7, 2017.'
'New research predicts that air pollution worsened by climate change will cost tens of thousands of lives if changes are not made.'
'Giant dust storms are sweeping the southwestern United States more frequently. Why? Rising sea temperatures, according to a study published in the journal of Geophysical Research Letters.'
'NASA researchers are conducting science flights along the Wisconsin-Illinois Lake Michigan shoreline to help better understand the formation and transport of ozone, a potent air pollutant in the region.'
'Diesels pollute more than lab tests detect. Excess emissions kill 38,000 annually.'
'The Culprit In Rising Western U.S. Smog Levels: Asia'
'A Wisconsin Public Radio interview of some the 2017 Lake Michigan Ozone Study (LMOS 2017) science leads aired on June 22, 2017, which was also that last day of the LMOS 2017 field campaign.'
'HAQAST Co-I Brad Pierce was invited to an on-air interview at the Wisconsin Public Radio (WPR) studios in Madison, Wisconsin on August 10, 2017 to discuss the 2017 Lake Michigan Ozone Study (LMOS 2017) with the hosts of WPRs Central Times.'
'A 10-year (2006-2016) high-resolution (0.1x0.1 degree) monthly mean tropospheric NO2 column data set generated by the NASA OMI Science Team for NO2 was developed for display on NOAA Science On a Sphere (SOS) exhibits.'
Lake Michigan Ozone Study 2017: Collaborative field campaign will pursue sources and transport of ozone.
'This online article was published in July, 2016, nearly a year before the NEI NOX project commenced, in the Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC) News Articles.'
'This project was featured in the UW-Madison Space Science and Engineering (SSEC) "Through the Atmosphere" summer 2017 publication in print and online.'
'Dr. Betsy Stone compiled a presentation introducing the contributors to the summer 2017 LMOS data collection part of Pierce's work on high-ozone events.'
'Targeting Cookstove Pollution Using Supercomputers and NASA Satellites'
'11 Surprising Predictions for 2017 from some of The Biggest Names in Science'
'HAQAST has expanded its focus beyond just air quality policy and regulation information utilizing Earth observationing data to the environmental health realm'
“I am excited by this opportunity, not only to conduct studies that will have an influence on environmental and public health policies, but also to better understand how to improve engagement with decision makers in future projects.”