Dr. Ted Russell

Email: ted.russell@gatech.edu

Georgia Tech
Faculty Profile

Ted Russell is the Howard T. Tellepsen Chair and Regents Professor in Environmental Engineering, Smart Cities, and Sustainable Communities at Georgia Tech’s School of Civil and Environmental Engineering. Russell is interested in using  earth observations in a hi-res air quality and burn impact forecasting system for health protection, ecosystem management, and economic development.

Ted’s HAQAST project objectives include:

  • Enhance the HiRes II to the HiRes-X burn forecasting system using additional (and coming) Earth observations, as well as additional monitoring using air quality sensors.
  • Work with air quality, agriculture and forest service-related agencies in the Southeast to adapt the current HiRes system to states outside of Georgia, particularly Florida, South Carolina, and Alabama. These states are chosen because of the greater use of prescribed burning and the observed air quality impacts. The application can also be expanded to the rest of the US in collaboration with NOAA.
  • Provide forecasts of forest and crop prescribed burning-related air quality impacts to local and state public health agencies in our forecast areas.
  • Provide forecast burn impacts to the CDC and its state partners on a real-time basis and perform source apportionment analysis for CDC to conduct an epidemiologic assessment using retrospective data.
  • Work with public schools to maintain a sensor network and provide educational opportunities to increase student and teacher knowledge about air quality and health linkages and the related application of Earth observations.

Tiger Teams

Ted contributes to the following Tiger Teams:

HAQAST Presentations



Apportioning prescribed fire impacts on PM2. 5 among individual fires through dispersion modeling

Ran Huang, Momei Qin, Yongtao Hu, Armistead G. Russell, M. Talat Odman, Atmospheric Environment




Elucidating emissions control strategies for ozone to protect human health and public welfare within the continental United States

Congmeng LyuShannon L CappsAmir HakamiShunliu ZhaoJaroslav ReslerGregory R CarmichaelAdrian SanduArmistead G Russell, Tianfeng Chai, Daven K HenzeEnvironmental Research Letters


An Air Quality Modeling System Providing Smoke Impact Forecasts

M. Talat Odman, Ha Ai, Yongtao Hu, Armistead G. Russell, Ambarish Vaidyanathan, Scott L. Goodrick, Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XXVI



Ozone in the Eastern United States: Production Efficiency Variability Over Time and Between Sources

Lucas R. F. Henneman, Huizhong Shen, Cong Liu, Yongtao Hu, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. Russell, Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XXVI



Source-Apportioned PM2. 5 and Cardiorespiratory Emergency Department Visits: Accounting for Source Contribution Uncertainty

Pennington, Audrey Flak; Strickland, Matthew J.; Gass, Katherine; Klein, Mitchel; Sarnat, Stefanie Ebelt; Tolbert, Paige E.; Balachandran, Sivaraman; Chang, Howard H.; Russell, Armistead G.; Mulholland, James A.; Darrow, Lyndsey A., Epidemiology


Application of a Fusion Method for Gas and Particle Air Pollutants between Observational Data and Chemical Transport Model Simulations Over the Contiguous United States for 2005–2014

Niru Senthilkumar, Mark Gilfether, Francesca Metcalf, Armistead G. Russell, James A. Mulholland, Howard H. Chang, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

On the accuracy and potential of Google Maps location history data to characterize individual mobility for air pollution health studies

Xiaonan Yu, Amy L. Stuart, Yang Liu, Cesunica E. Ivey, Armistead G. Russell, Haidong Kan, Lucas R.F. Henneman, Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat, Samiul Hasan, Anwar Sadmani, Xuchao Yang, Haofei Yu, Environmental Pollution


Metabolic perturbations following exposures to traffic-related air pollution in a panel of commuters with and without asthma

D. Liang, C, Ladva, R. Golan, T. Yu, D. Walker, S. Sarnat, K. Uppal, D. Jones, A. Russell, J. Sarnat, Environmental Epidemiology


Source-specific Fine Particulate Using Spatiotemporal Concentration Fields Developed using Chemical Transport Modelling and Data Assimilation: Application to North Carolina for Health Associations with Coronary Heart Disease

A. Russell, R. Huang, X. Zhai, C. Ivey, G. Shi, R. Devlin, Environmental Epidemiology


Global Fire Forecasts Using Both Large‐Scale Climate Indices and Local Meteorological Parameters

Huizhong Shen, Shu Tao, Yilin Chen, Mehmet Talât Odman, Yufei Zou, Ye Huang, Han Chen, Qirui Zhong, Yanyan Zhang, Yuanchen Chen, Shu Su, Nan Lin, Shaojie Zhuo, Bengang Li, Xilong Wang, Wenxin Liu, Junfeng Liu, Gertrude K. Pavur, Armistead G. RussellGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles


The Impacts of Prescribed Fire on PM2. 5 Air Quality and Human Health: Application to Asthma-Related Emergency Room Visits in Georgia, USA

Ran Huang, Yongtao Hu, Armistead G. Russell, James A. Mulholland, M. Talat Odman, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health


Fusion Method Combining Ground-Level Observations with Chemical Transport Model Predictions Using an Ensemble Deep Learning Framework: Application in China to Estimate Spatiotemporally-Resolved PM2.5 Exposure Fields in 2014–2017

Baolei LyuYongtao HuWenxian ZhangYunsong DuBin LuoXiaoling SunZhe SunZhu DengXiaojiang WangJun LiuXuesong Wang, Armistead G. RussellEnvironmental Science & Technology


Development of a WebGIS-based analysis tool for human health protection from the impacts of prescribed fire smoke in southeastern USA

Yongtao Hu, Ha Hang Ai, Mehmet Talat Odman, Ambarish Vaidyanathan, Armistead G. RussellInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health


Perturbations of the arginine metabolome following exposures to traffic-related air pollution in a panel of commuters with and without asthma

Donghai Liang, Chandresh N. Ladva, Rachel Golan, Tianwei Yu, Douglas I. Walker, Stefanie E. Sarnat, Roby Greenwald, Karan Uppal, ViLinh Tran, Dean P. Jones, Armistead G. Russell, Jeremy A. Sarnat, Environmental International


Impact of air pollution control policies on cardiorespiratory emergency department visits, Atlanta, GA, 1999–2013

Joseph Y. Abrams, Mitchel Klein, Lucas R.F. Henneman, Stefanie E. Sarnat, Howard H. Chang, Matthew J. Strickland, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. Russell, Paige E. Tolbert, Environment International


Empirical Development of Ozone Isopleths: Applications to Los Angeles

Yu QianLucas R. F. Henneman, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. RussellEnvironmental Science & Technology Letters



Spatial PM2.5 mobile source impacts using a calibrated indicator method

Xinxin Zhai, James A. Mulholland, Mariel D. Friberg, Heather A. Holmes, Armistead G. Russell, Yongtao Hu, Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association


Characterization of Spatial Air Pollution Patterns Near a Large Railyard Area in Atlanta, Georgia

Halley L. Brantley, Gayle S.W. Hagler, Scott C. Herndon, Paola Massoli, Michael H. Bergin, Armistead G. RussellInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health


Air quality accountability: developing long-term daily time series of pollutant changes and uncertainties in Atlanta, Georgia resulting from the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments

Lucas R.F. Henneman, Cong Liu, Howard Chang, James Mulholland, Paige Tolbert, Armistead RussellEnvironmental International


Improving ozone simulations in the Great Lakes Region: The role of emissions, chemistry, and dry deposition

Momei Qin, Haofei Yu, Yongtao Hu, Armistead G. Russell, M Talat Odman, Kevin Doty, Arastoo Pour-Biazar, Richard T. McNider, Eladio Knipping, Atmospheric Enviornment



Demographic inequities in health outcomes and air pollution exposure in the Atlanta area and its relationship to urban infrastructure

Joseph L. Servadio, Abiola S. Lawal, Tate Davis, Josephine Bates, Armistead G. Russell, Anu Ramaswami, Matteo Convertino, Nisha Botchwey, Journal of Urban Health


Source impact modeling of spatiotemporal trends in PM2. 5 oxidative potential across the eastern United States

Josephine T. Bates, Rodney J. Weber, Vishal Verma, Ting Fang, Cesunica Ivey, Cong Liu, Stefanie E. Sarnat, Howard H. Chang, James A. Mulholland, Armistead RussellAtmospheric Environment


Application and evaluation of two model fusion approaches to obtain ambient air pollutant concentrations at a fine spatial resolution (250m) in Atlanta

Josephine T. Bates, Audrey Flak Pennington, Xinxin Zhai, Mariel D. Friberg, Francesca Metcalf, Lyndsey Darrow, Matthew Strickland, James Mulholland, Armistead RussellEnvironmental Modelling & Software


Monitoring particulate matter in India: recent trends and future outlook

Pallavi Pant, Raj M. Lal, Sarath K. Guttikunda, Armistead G. Russell, Ajay S. Nagpure, Anu Ramaswami, Richard E. Peltier, Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health


Characterization of aerosol composition, aerosol acidity, and organic acid partitioning at an agriculturally intensive rural southeastern US site

Theodora Nah, Hongyu Guo, Amy P. Sullivan, Yunle Chen, David J. Tanner, Athanasios Nenes, Armistead Russell, Nga Lee Ng, L. Gregory Huey, Rodney J. Weber, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics


Scientific assessment of background ozone over the U.S.: Implications for air quality management

Daniel A. Jaffe, Owen R. Cooper, Arlene M. Fiore, Barron H. Henderson, Gail S. Tonneson, Armistead G. RussellDaven . Henze, Andrew O. Langford, Meiyun Lin, Tom Moore, Elementa.

Forecasting the Impacts of Prescribed Fires for Dynamic Air Quality Management

M. Talat Odman, Ran Huang, Aditya A. Pophale, Rushabh D. Sakhpara, Yongtao Hu, Armistead G. RussellMichael E. Chang, Atmosphere



Burned Area Comparisons Between Prescribed Burning Permits in Southeastern United States and Two Satellite‐Derived Products

Ran Huang, Xiaoyang Zhang, Daniel Chan, Shobha Kondragunta, Armistead G. Russell, M. Talat Odman, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres


Impacts of regulations on air quality and emergency department visits in the Atlanta metropolitan area, 1999-2013

Armistead G. Russell, Paige Tolbert, Lucas R.F. Henneman, Joseph Abrams, Cong Liu, Mitchel Klein, James Mulholland, Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat, Yongtao Hu, Howard H. Chang, Talat Odman, Matthew J. Strickland, Huizhong Shen, Abiola Lawal, Research Report: Health Effects Institute


Cross-comparison and evaluation of air pollution field estimation methods

Haofei Yu, Armistead Russell, James Mulholland, Talat Odman, Yongtao Hu, Howard H. Chang, Naresh Kumar, Atmospheric Environment


Associations of mobile source air pollution during the first year of life with childhood pneumonia, bronchiolitis, and otitis media

Kennedy, Caitlin M.; Pennington, Audrey Flak; Darrow, Lyndsey A.; Klein, Mitchel; Zhai, Xinxin; Bates, Josephine T.; Russell, Armistead G.; Hansen, Craig; Tolbert, Paige E.; Strickland, Matthew J., Environmental Epidemiology


Field test of several low-cost particulate matter sensors in high and low concentration urban environments

Karoline K. Johnson, Michael H. Bergin, Armistead G. Russell, Gayle S.W. Hagler, Aerosol and Air Quality Research



Estimating Acute Cardiovascular Effects of Ambient PM2.5 Metals

Dongni Ye, Mitchel Klein, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. Russell, Rodney Weber, Eric S. Edgerton, Howard H. Chang, Jeremy A. Sarnat, Paige E. Tolbert, Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat, Environmental Health Perspectives

Source apportionment for fine particulate matter in a Chinese city using an improved gas-constrained method and comparison with multiple receptor models

Guoliang Shi, Jiayuan Liu, Haiting Wang, Yingze Tian, Jie Wen, Xurong Shi, Yinchang Feng, Cesunica E. Ivey, Armistead G. RussellEnvironmental Pollution


Spatial, seasonal and diurnal patterns in physicochemical characteristics and sources of PM2. 5 in both inland and coastal regions within a megacity in China

Yingze Tian, Jiayuan Liu, Suqin Han, Xurong Shi, Guoliang Shi, Hong Xu, Haofei Yu, Yufen Zhang, Yinchang Feng, Armistead G. RussellJournal of Hazardous Materials


Source-specific pollution exposure and associations with pulmonary response in the Atlanta Commuters Exposure Studies

Jenna R. Krall, Chandresh N. Ladva, Armistead G. Russell, Rachel Golan, Xing Peng, Guoliang Shi, Roby Greenwald, Amit U. Raysoni, Lance A. Waller, Jeremy A. Sarnat, Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology


Exposure to mobile source air pollution in early life and childhood asthma incidence: The Kaiser Air Pollution and Pediatric Asthma Study

Pennington, Audrey Flak; Strickland, Matthew J.; Klein, Mitchel; Zhai, Xinxin; Bates, Josephine T.; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn; Hansen, Craig; Russell, Armistead G.; Tolbert, Paige E.; Darrow, Lyndsey A., Environmental Epidemiology



Responses in ozone and its production efficiency attributable to recent and future emissions changes in the Eastern United States

Lucas R. F. Henneman, Huizhong Shen, Cong Liu, Yongtao Hu, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. Russell, Environmental Science and Technology

Development of PM2.5 Source Profiles Using a Hybrid Chemical Transport-Receptor Modeling Approach

Cesunica Ivey, Heather Holmes, Guoliang Shi, Sivaraman Balachandran, Yongtao Hu, Armistead G. RussellEnvironmental Science & Technology


Fine particulate matter and cardiovascular disease: Comparison of assessment methods for long-term exposure

Laura A. McGuinn, Cavin Ward-Caviness, Lucas M. Neas, Alexandra Schneider, Qian Di, Alexandra Chudnovsky, Joel Schwartz, Petros Koutrakis, Armistead G. Russell, Val Garcia, William E. Kraus, Elizabeth R. Hauser, Wayne Cascio, David Diaz-Sanchez, Robert B. Devlin, Environmental Research

Erratum: Associations between Ambient Fine Particulate Oxidative Potential and Cardiorespiratory Emergency Department Visits

Joseph Y. Abrams, Rodney J. Weber, Mitchel Klein, Stefanie E. Samat, Howard H. Chang, Matthew J. Strickland, Vishal Verma, Ting Fang, Josephine T. Bates, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. Russell, Paige E. Tolbert, Environmental Health Perspectives

Associations between ambient fine particulate oxidative potential and cardiorespiratory emergency department visits

Joseph Y. Abrams, Rodney J. Weber, Mitchel Klein, Stefanie E. Samat, Howard H. Chang, Matthew J. Strickland, Vishal Verma, Ting Fang, Josephine T. Bates, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. Russell, Paige E. Tolbert, Environmental Health Perspectives


Air pollutant exposure field modeling using air quality model-data fusion methods and comparison with satellite AOD-derived fields: application over North Carolina, USA

Ran Huang, Xinxin Zhai, Cesunica E. Ivey, Mariel D. Friberg, Xuefei Hu, Yang Liu, Qian Di, Joel Schwartz, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. RussellAir Quality, Atmosphere & Health


Daily ambient air pollution metrics for five cities: Evaluation of data-fusion-based estimates and uncertainties

Mariel D. Friberg, Ralph A. Kahn, Heather A. Holmes, Howard H. Chang, Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat, Paige E. Tolbert, Armistead G. Russell, James A. Mulholland


Size distribution, directional source contributions and pollution status of PM from Chengdu, China during a long-term sampling campaign

Guo-Liang Shi, Ying-Ze Tian, Tong Ma, Dan-Lin Song, Lai-Dong Zhou, Bo Han, Yin-Chang Feng, Armistead G. RussellJournal of Environmental Sciences


Accountability assessment of regulatory impacts on ozone and PM2.5 concentrations using statistical and deterministic pollutant sensitivities

Lucas RF Henneman, Howard H Chang, Kuo-Jen Lio, David Lavoué, James A Mulholland, Armistead G RussellAir Quality, Atmosphere & Health


A New Combined Stepwise-Based High-Order Decoupled Direct and Reduced-Form Method To Improve Uncertainty Analysis in PM2.5 Simulations

Zhijiong Huang, Yongtao Hu,Junyu Zheng, Zibing Yuan, Armistead G. Russell, Jiamin Ou, Zhuangmin Zhong, Environmental Science & Technology


Daily estimation of ground-level PM2. 5 concentrations at 4 km resolution over Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei by fusing MODIS AOD and ground observations

Baolei Lv, Yongtao Hu, Howard H. Chang, Armistead G. Russell, Jun Cai, Bing Xu, Yuqi Bai, Science of The Total Environment


Local and regional contributions to fine particulate matter in Beijing during heavy haze episodes

Yangjun Wang, Shengwei Bao, Shuxiao Wang, Yongtao Hu, Xiang Shi, Jiandong Wang, Bin Zhao, Jingkun Jiang, Mei Zheng, Minghong Wu, Armistead G. Russell, Yuhang Wang, Jiming Hao, Science of The Total Environment


Decadal Survey for Earth Science and Applications from Space

Two HAQAST members (Bryan Duncan and Ted Russell) are among the authors of the Weather and Air Quality panel, HAQAST collaborator Steve Ackerman co-chaired the panel, and team leader Tracey Holloway was a reviewer


Evaluation of fire weather forecasts using PM2. 5 sensitivity analysis

Sivaraman Balachandran, Karsten Baumann, Jorge E. Pachon, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. RussellAtmospheric Environment


Associations between source-specific fine particulate matter and emergency department visits for respiratory disease in four US cities

Jenna R. Krall, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. Russell, Sivaraman Balachandran, Andrea Winquist, Paige E. Tolbert, Lance A. Waller, Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat, Environmental Health Perspectives


Quantification of long-term primary and secondary source contributions to carbonaceous aerosols

Guoliang Shi, Xing Peng, Jiayuan Liu, Yingze Tian, Danlin Song, Haofei Yu, Yinchang Feng, Armistead G. RussellEnvironmental Pollution


Calibrating R-LINE model results with observational data to develop annual mobile source air pollutant fields at fine spatial resolution: Application in Atlanta

Xinxin Zhai, Armistead G. Russell, Poornima Sampath, James A. Mulholland, Byeong-Uk Kim, Yunhee Kim, David D’Onofrio, Atmospheric Environment


A method for quantifying bias in modeled concentrations and source impacts for secondary particulate matter

Cesunica E. Ivey, Heather A. Holmes, Yongtao Hu, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. RussellFrontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering


Air pollution complex: Understanding the sources, formation processes and health effects

Min Shao, Shuxiao Wang, Armistead G. RussellFrontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering


Evaluating the effectiveness of air quality regulations: A review of accountability studies and frameworks

Lucas R.F. Henneman, Cong Liu, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. RussellJournal of the Air & Waste Management Association


Development and evaluation of a daily temporal interpolation model for fine particulate matter species concentrations and source apportionment

Jeremiah D. Redman, Heather A. Holmes, Sivaraman Balachandran, Marissa L. Maier, Xinxin Zhai, Cesunica Ivey, Kyle Digby, James A. Mulholland, Armistead G. RussellAtmospheric Environment


What We Breathe Impacts Our Health: Improving Understanding of the Link between Air Pollution and Health

Jason West, Aaron Cohen, Frank Dentener, Bert Brunekreef, Tong Zhu, Ben Armstrong, Michelle L. Bell, Michael Brauer, Gregory Carmichael, Dan L. Costa, Douglas W. Dockery, Michael Kleeman, Michal Krzyzanowski, Nino Künzli, Catherine Liousse, Shih-Chun Candice Lung, Randall V. Martin, Ulrich Pöschl, C. Arden Pope III, James M. Roberts, Armistead G. Russell, and Christine WiedinmyerEnvironmental Science & Technology

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